Download PDF by Julian Thomas: A Neolithic Ceremonial Complex in Galloway: Excavations at

By Julian Thomas

A complicated enclosure pointed out via aerial images at Dunragit Galloway, used to be confirmed via excavation to were of past due Neolithic date, and comprised 3 concentric trees ramped post-rings, 120–300 m in diameter. the 2 outer post-rings each one comprised huge uprights interspersed with smaller individuals, most likely forming a continual palisade. every one was once a single-phase constitution and the posts had rotted out. the internal ring had mostly been made from huge, freestanding posts, such a lot of which had rotted away, yet a few of which have been intentionally got rid of, the post-holes being significantly greater than these of the 2 outer earrings. the place posts were pulled out, a couple of tricky deposits have been positioned within the crater left by way of the post-removal. The entrances to the post-rings usually are not aligned and the popular interpretation is that the monument as an entire had stages of building, in every one of which a trees circle was once surrounded by way of a palisade, and during which the center post-ring succeeded the outer, or vice-versa.

The enclosure have been preceded through a post-defined cursus monument within which all of the put up were burned in situ and diverse different post-holes have been positioned at the comparable axis because the cursus, extending past the monument itself.

The such a lot complex front, attached with the center post-ring, consists of 2 parallel strains of beneficial properties, possibly post-holes, beginning towards the south, and aligned on a wide earthen mound at Droughduil, four hundred m away. Droughduil Mote, although recorded as a medieval motte, recollects the organization of assorted very huge mounds with with henges or palisaded enclosures, as at Silbury Hill, Wiltshire. Excavation tested that it were developed with stepped aspects, and stone cairn were built on its summit. a sequence of optically inspired luminescence dates at the gathered sand over the outside of the mound tested that it used to be in no way medieval, and was once most likely Neolithic in date.

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A Neolithic Ceremonial Complex in Galloway: Excavations at Dunragit and Droughduil, 1999–2002 by Julian Thomas

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